Preparing for PPA Certification: Composition and Design


COMPOSITION AND DESIGN (25%)

Items relating to this area will focus on the following topics: (1) Subject placement within image area; (2) Special effects, including props; (3) location; (4) clothing; (5) posing; (6) color harmony/color wheel; and (7) coordination of background and subject.

Preparing for PPA Certification: Composition and Design – Section A

A. Determine the best color relationship to complement subject(s) to achieve the desired effects. (4 items)
1. Knowledge of color harmony, interactions, and effects in order to coordinate subjects with backgrounds and enhance the final image [· Reflective light environment · Tonal values and hues · Contrast· Saturation of color · Effect of patterns]
2. Knowledge of the color wheel [ · Primary · Secondary · Tertiary]
3. Knowledge of how colors portray mood
4. Knowledge of color schemes: [ · Achromatic · Clash · Neutral · Primary ·
Secondary Split Complementary – Monotone · Analogous · Monochromatic ·
Harmonious · Complementary]
5. Facets of color


Preparing for PPA Certification: Composition and Design – Section B

B. Analyze the natural environment to complement subject(s) to achieve the desired effects. (4 items)
1. Knowledge of how to adapt to the environment (understand the environment to achieve a photographic advantage). [Color Harmony – Patterns – Subject Placement – Direction of Lighting – Distractions – Balance]


Preparing for PPA Certification: Composition and Design – Section C

C. Frame or crop the picture within the camera’s viewfinder. (2 items)
1. Knowledge of cropping pictures to create desired effects
2. Knowledge of aspect ratios


Preparing for PPA Certification: Composition and Design – Section D

D. Use angle of view to produce the desired effect (mood, power, size, strength, etc.)
(6 items)
1. Knowledge of perspective effects and how to achieve these effects (perspective, camera angle, camera position)
2. Knowledge of the elements of composition that create different effects (rule of thirds, leading lines, positive/negative space, etc.)


Preparing for PPA Certification: Composition and Design – Section E

E. Position subject(s) with selected background, special effects and props to achieve the desired effect. (3 items)
1. Knowledge of how to compose the elements within a scene to create the desired effect
2. Knowledge of using props as complementary accessories to the subject matter
3. Knowledge of how to achieve what the client desires – scenarios


Preparing for PPA Certification: Composition and Design – Section F

F. Pose individuals and multiple subjects to achieve the most flattering results (6 items)
1. Feminine/masculine posing (S-curve, C-curve)
2. Group posing (Pyramid, triangular, spacing, connection)
3. Facial Views (full face, 2/3, profile)
4. Body posing (Breaking the plane [Rule of 2] and weight placement)

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